CORRECT FORM OF THE VERBS

CORRECT FORM OF THE VERBS

Rule(1) → यदि वाक्य में modals हो जैसे:- can, could, may, might, must, will, shall, would, should,ought to, used to, etc.हो तो verb की first form का प्रयोग करते है |
Example :- (a)Aarti must help (help) her friend when she was in trouble.
(b)Rajesh can teach (teach) english.

Rule(2) → यदि वाक्य में let, make, see, hear, had better, would rather आदि आये तो V1 का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- (a) Let me first speak (speak).

Rule(3) → यदि वाक्य में सार्वभौमिक सत्य, कथन ,ऐतिहासिक तथ्य, आदत, वैज्ञानिक, आद्यात्मिक सिद्धांत, पूर्व नियाजित कार्य, आँखों देखा हाल, अखबारों की हैडलाइन, जन्मजात गुण, नियमित कार्य , स्थायी कार्यक्रम आदि हो तो V1 का प्रयोग करते है|
Formullas :-
singular subject - He/she/it/name +V1+ s/es +verb+s,ss,ch, sh, x, o, zz+es
Plural subject - I,we,you,they + V1
Example:- (a) The stars shine (shine) at night.
(b) The sun rises (rise) in the east.
(c) India gets (get) freedom 15 August 1947.
(d) Water boils (boils) 100 degree calcius.
(e) Water contains (contain) hydrozen and oxygen.
(f) Birds fly (fly) in the sky.
(g) My father retires (retire) next month.
(h) P.M. visits (visit) Jaipur tomorrow.
(i) Bowler bowls (bowl) but batsman hits a four.
(j) I get up (get up) at 5 o clock.
NOTE :- यदि भूतकालीन घटना का प्रभावी वर्णन करना हो तो V1 या V1+s/es का प्रयोग करते है|
Example:- Ram kills (kill) Ravan.

Rule(4) → यदि वाक्य में Daily,usually, generally, seldom, rarely, scarly, never, ever, often, always, in the morning, in the evening, Every day/week/month/year आदि में V1 या V1+s/es का प्रयोग होता है |
Example :-
(a) Amit goes (go) to school daily.
(b) They play (Play) football every sunday.
(c) Aman does not write (not write) a story daily.
(d) They do not read (not read) in the evening.
NOTE :- स्वभाव को बताने के लिए V1/V1+s/es का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- The street dogs bark at night.

Rule(5) → यदिवाक्य में Now, still, these days, now days, look, at this time, at this moment, at present, today आदि आये तो is/am/are+v1+ing का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- (a) Amit is playing (play) football at this time.
(b) They are writing (write) a story these days.
(c) I am reading (read) a nowel today.
(d) Look! birds are flying (fly) in the sky.

Rule(6) → यदि वाक्य में since, for, just, yet, already, recently, lately, upto now, barely, आदि आये तो Has/have+V3 का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- (a) Kajal has already completed (complete) her work.
(b) They have not finished (not finished) their work yet.
NOTE :- I-prensent simple में तथा present perfect में plural है और अन्य में singular है !
Example:- I have known (know) you for ten years.

Rule(7) → यदि वाक्य में since, for, या all the morning, whole day आदि शब्द आये तो has been/have been +v1 +ing का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- (a) Amit has been working (work) all the morning.
(b) Rajat has been writing (write) a nowel since morning.

Rule(8) → यदि वाक्य में yesterday, ago, sometimes back,in 2006, last day/week/month/year आये तो V2/did+not+V1 का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- (a) Amit passed (pass) 10th class in 2016.
(b) They bought (buy) a car yesterday.
(c) Rekha did not write (not write) a story last day.

Rule(9) → यदि कोई कार्य चल रहा हो और इसी बीच दूसरा कार्य हो गया हो तो V2 का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- (a) Amit was reading a book when his brother entered (enter) the house.
(b) The teacher was teaching when a girl came (come) into class.
NOTE :- यदि वाक्य में as if या as though आये तो इनसे पहले वाले sentence में V2 का प्रयोग करते है |
Example :- He ordered (order) as though he had been my boss.

Rule(10) → यदि वाक्य में then, those days, at that time, at that moment, at that present, आये तो was/were+V1+ing का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- Amit was writing (write) a nowel those days.

Rule(11) → यदि वाक्य में when,until, after, before आदि शब्द आये तो had+v3 का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- (a) The train had gone (go) before I reached the station.
(b) My mother washed my shirt after I had gone (go) to school.

Rule(12) → यदि दो वाक्य when से जुड़े हो तथा एक वाक्य में V2 हो और दूसरे वाक्य में since/for दिया हो तो had been+V1+ ing का प्रयोग करते है|
Example:- (a) The child had been sleeping (sleep) for two hours when her mother returned home.
(b) Rekha had been reading (read) since morning when her mother came in the room.

Rule(13) → यदि वाक्य में a few days, tomorrow,next day/week/month/year आदि हो तो shall/will+V1 का प्रयोग करते है|
Example:- (a) My father retires (retire) next day.
(b) Ajay will go (go) to kota tomorrow.
(c) They will buy (buy) a car next month.
(d) I shall write (write) a nowel next month.
(e) P.M. visits (visit) Jaipur tomorrow.
NOTE:- यदि वाक्य के अंत में ना है , नी है , ने है , ना हूँ, आदि शब्द आये तो यह future का प्रतीक माना जाता है और ऐसे sentence को बनाने के लिए is to/am to/are to का प्रयोग करते है|
Example:- (a) I am to go to school.
(b) I am to play football.
(c) Amit is to read a nowel.

Rule(14) → यदि वाक्य में at this time, at this moment, के बाद tomorrow ,next day/week/month/year आदि आये तो will be /shall be +V1 +ing का प्रयोग करते है |
Example:- (a) They will be holding (hold) a metting at this time tomorrow.
(b) Aman (write)will be writing a story at this time next day.

Rule(15) → यदि वाक्य में by/by the end of के बाद future time हो तो will/shall+have+V3 का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- By the end of this month I shall have written (write) a story.

Rule(16) → यदि वाक्य में by/by the end of दिया हो और sentence में since/for+time हो तो will/shall+have been + V1+ ing का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- By the end of this march I shall have been writing (write) a story for ten years.

Rule(17) → यदि वाक्य के शुरू में रिक्त स्थान हो और इसके बाद में is/was दिया होतो V1+ing का प्रयोग करते है |
Example:- walking (walk) is good for health.

Rule(18) → यदि वाक्य please से शुरू हो और उसके बाद में not आये तो रिक्त स्थान में Do not का प्रयोग करते है|
Example :- Please don't make (not make) noise in the home.


Source

WikiPedia

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